Emotion classification for musical data using deep learning techniques

Gaurav Agarwal, Sachi Gupta, Shivani Agarwal, Atul Kumar Rai


This research is done based on the identification and thorough analyzing musical data that is extracted by the various method. This extracted information can be utilized in the deep learning algorithm to identify the emotion, based on the hidden features of the dataset. Deep learning-based convolutional neural network (CNN) and long short-term memory-gated recurrent unit (LSTM-GRU) models were developed to predict the information from the musical information. The musical dataset is extracted using the fast Fourier transform (FFT) models. The three deep learning models were developed in this work the first model was based on the information of extracted information such as zero-crossing rate, and spectral roll-off. Another model was developed on the information of Mel frequencybased cepstral coefficient (MFCC) features, the deep and wide CNN algorithm with LSTM-GRU bidirectional model was developed. The third model was developed on the extracted information from Mel-spectrographs and untied these graphs based on two-dimensional (2D) data information to the 2D CNN model alongside LSTM models. Proposed model performance on the information from Mel-spectrographs is compared on the F1 score, precision, and classification report of the models. Which shows better accuracy with improved F1 and recall values as compared with existing approaches.


Deep belief network; Deep convolutional neural network; Deep neural networks; Fast Fourier transform; Long short-term memory

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijres.v12.i2.pp240-247


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International Journal of Reconfigurable and Embedded Systems (IJRES)
p-ISSN 2089-4864, e-ISSN 2722-2608
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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