Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

International Journal of Reconfigurable and Embedded Systems (IJRES) is aimed to provide a vehicle for academics, industrial professionals, educators and policy makers working in the field to contribute and disseminate innovative and important new work on reconfigurable system, embedded system, very large-scale integration (VLSI) design and internet of things (IoT). The scope of the IJRES addresses the state of the art of all aspects of reconfigurable system, field programmable gate arrays & other reconfigurable technologies, embedded computing and embedded IoT devices with emphasis on algorithms, circuits, systems, models, compilers, architectures, tools, design methodologies, test and applications, embedded architectures, systems on chip (SoC), systems on a programmable/reconfigurable chip (SoPC), multi-processor systems on a chip (MPSoC), and network-on-chip (NoC) which covers, but not limited to, the following scope:

Reconfigurable System

  • Applications and design studies: implementation of novel designs on FPGAs establishing state-of-the-art in high-performance, low-power, security, or high-reliability. Designs leveraging unique capabilities of FPGA architectures or demonstrating significant improvements over alternative programmable technologies (e.g., CPU, GPU). Design studies or architecture explorations enabling improvement of FPGA architectures.
  • Applications: security and cryptography; time sensitive/critical networks; big data, HPC, event processing; embedded computing and DSP; robotics, space, bioinformatics, automotive; safety and mission critical systems; deep learning and neural network
  • Approximate computing in FPGAs
  • Architectures: self-adaptive, evolvable; heterogeneous; low-power designs; approximate computing; fine-/coarse-/mixed-grained; embedded MPSoCs; interconnect (NoCs, …); resilient and fault tolerant
  • Benchmarks and evaluations; benchmarks-compute performance and/or power/cost efficiency in cloud/HPC; area, energy, and performance evaluation; comparative analysis of heterogeneous devices and frameworks for HPC
  • Cad for FPGAs: algorithms for synthesis, technology mapping, logic and timing optimization, clustering, placement, and routing of FPGAs. Novel design software for system-level partitioning, debug, and verification. Algorithms for modeling, analysis and optimization of timing and power.
  • CAD for FPGAs: Placement, routing, retiming, log
  • Communication aware multiprocessor embedded systems
  • Communication centric design techniques at different abstraction levels
  • Compilation and programming languages
  • Design methods and tools: high-level languages and compilation; simulation and synthesis-estimation techniques; design space exploration; run-time systems and virtualization
  • Design space exploration (DSE) of reconfigurable and/or NoC-based systems; and self-reconfiguration and self-optimization for HPC
  • Design-flows for HHPC and HPRC
  • Domain specific languages (DSLs) for HHPC and HPRC; high-level and pure software programming for reconfigurable devices
  • Domain specific languages that target FPGAs
  • DSLs for HHPC and HPRC
  • FPGA architecture: architectures for programmable logic fabrics or their components, including routing, flexible logic cells, embedded blocks (memory, DSP, processors), and i/o interfaces. Novel commercial architectures and architectural features.
  • FPGA Architecture: novel logic block architectures; combination of FPGA fabric and system blocks (DSP, processors, memories, etc.); design of routing fabric; I/O interfaces; new commercial architectures and architectural features.
  • FPGA circuit design: circuits and layout techniques for the design of FPGAs. Impact of future process and design technologies on FPGAs as well as novel memory memory or nano-scale devices. Methods for analyzing and improving static and dynamic power, power and clock distribution, yield, manufacturability, security, reliability, and testability.
  • FPGA Circuit Design: novel FPGA circuits and circuit level techniques, impact of process and design technologies, methods for analyzing and improving issues with soft errors, leakage, static and dynamic power, clocking, power grid, yield, manufacturability, reliability, test; studies on future device technologies (e.g. nanoscale, 3D gate) for FPGAs.
  • FPGA compilation of legacy codes
  • FPGA technology: novel FPGA architectures and circuits; advances in CAD tools for FPGAs, in areas such as technology mapping, placement, routing, and others; high level design methodologies that permit FPGA design at higher levels of abstraction; and new applications for FPGAs, particularly for energy efficient and high-performance computation.
  • FPGA-based and FPGA-like computing engines: systems and software for compiled accelerators, reconfigurable/adaptive computing, and rapid-prototyping. Programmable overlay architectures implemented using FPGAs.
  • FPGAs and reconfigurable computing for software programmers
  • FPGAs and reconfigurable hardware accelerators for HPC, cloud and machine learning
  • FPGAs and reconfigurable hardware for internet of things (IoT)
  • Heterogeneous high-performance computing (HHPC) and high-performance reconfigurable computing (HPRC) applications: HPC applications on multi/many-core CPUs, GPUs and FPGAs; HHPC and HPRC for scientific applications; HHPC and HPRC for machine learning and artificial intelligence; HHPC and HPRC for big-data applications; FPGAs for edge computing and bump-in-the-wire
  • High-level abstractions and tools for FPGAs: general-purpose and domain-specific languages, tools, and techniques to facilitate the design, debugging and verification of FPGA-based applications and systems. Novel hardware/software co-design and high-level synthesis methodologies enabling digital signal processing, compute acceleration, networking, machine learning, and embedded systems.
  • Industrial case studies applying the topics above to domains such as HPC, networking, telecom, cloud computing and transportation systems.
  • Industrial case studies: HPC, routers, mobile systems, transportation system, etc.
  • Just in time hardware synthesis
  • Low power design of reconfigurable and multiprocessor socs
  • Networks and NoCs: novel NoC architectures for high-performance systems; systems software support for advanced NOC-based systems; NoC-aware compilation and runtime systems; mapping and scheduling for NoC-based systems; implementation case studies of reconfigurable and NoC-based systems
  • New paradigms for communication centric, adaptive and reconfigurable computing
  • On chip communication architectures (buses and networks on chip NoCs)
  • OS and middleware for reconfigurable and multicore SoCs
  • Other: reliability, scalability, availability, and fault tolerance; reconfigurable computing education
  • Performance portability between CPU, GPU, and FPGA based systems
  • Performance portability between different FPGA platforms
  • Programming productivity for FPGAs
  • Reconfigurable and adaptive embedded socs
  • Reconfigurable computing
  • Reconfigurable platforms
  • Reconfigurable system-on-chip
  • Reconfigurable system design and verification
  • Runtime thermal and power management
  • Specification languages and design methodologies
  • Targeting FPGAs in the cloud
  • Toolchains for compiling DSLs to FPGAs
  • Tools, languages, frameworks, benchmarks, and DSE
  • Trends (in): teaching RC; surveys and future trends; benchmarks; emerging technologies; cyber-physical systems
  • Verification and evaluation techniques
  • VMs, middleware, run-time and operating systems for HHPC and HPRC

Embedded System

  • 8051 microcontroller programming
  • 8051 based advanced embedded systems design
  • Advance embedded signal and image processing
  • Advance signal and image processing
  • Advanced computer architecture
  • Advanced embedded system design
  • Application-specific processors/ devices
  • ARM Cortex-M series programming
  • ARM based advanced embedded systems design
  • AVR based advanced embedded systems design
  • C programming language for embedded applications
  • Controller area network (CAN) and CAN access programming language (CAPL)- CAN and CAPL programming
  • Digital signal processors and architectures
  • Digital system design
  • Embedded access technologies
  • Embedded automotive systems
  • Embedded computing
  • Embedded computing education
  • Embedded design cycle
  • Embedded hardware
  • Embedded hardware support
  • Embedded instrumentation and control
  • Embedded networking
  • Embedded of things
  • Embedded operating systems
  • Embedded programming languages
  • Embedded real time operating systems
  • Embedded signal and image processing
  • Embedded software
  • Embedded system
  • Embedded system architecture
  • Embedded testing techniques
  • Emerging technologies and applications
  • Emerging technologies/applications/principles
  • FPGA based embedded system design
  • Hardware/software co-design
  • Micro-controller based embedded systems design
  • Microcontrollers for embedded system design
  • Multimedia and signal coding
  • Network security and cryptography
  • Pic based advanced embedded systems design
  • Real time embedded systems
  • Real-time operating system (RTOS) Programming
  • Sensors and actuators
  • Smart card technologies
  • Soft computing techniques
  • Wireless communications and networks

VLSI Design

  • Advanced computational methods
  • Advanced computer architecture
  • Advanced CPLD based design
  • Advanced digital design
  • Advanced FPGA based design
  • Algorithms for VLSI design automation
  • Analog VLSI design
  • Analog and digital IC design
  • Analysis and design of digital systems using VHDL
  • Application-specific processors and devices
  • Business applications
  • CMOS sensors
  • Component and binding models
  • Device, circuit and systems
  • Hardware and software co-design
  • IC fabrication and testing
  • Industrial practices and benchmark suites
  • Integration with business logic
  • Integration with SOA
  • Micro electro mechanical system
  • Middleware
  • Multi-valued logic (MVL) circuits
  • Nano-electronics devices
  • Networked embedded systems
  • Policy-based management
  • Programming abstractions
  • Recent trends
  • Service-oriented architectures
  • Testing techniques
  • VLSI design and IC technology
  • VLSI for bio-engineering
  • VLSI for ESDM
  • VLSI for instrumentation-s and controls
  • VLSI for wireless communications 5G and beyond
  • VLSI signal processing
  • Asynchronous system design
  • CMOS rf circuit design
  • Computational methods for VLSI
  • Computer aided VLSI design
  • Cryptology and crypto chip design
  • Data structure and algorithm analysis
  • Design of VLSI system
  • Digital image processing for VLSI
  • Digital logic with Verilog
  • Digital signal processing structures for VLSI
  • Digital system design
  • Electronic design automation tools
  • Electronic packaging
  • Embedded systems: high-level synthesis for VLSI systems
  • Functional and formal verification
  • Hardware-software co-design
  • HDL languages used for VLSI: Verilog and VHDL
  • HDL modelling
  • Low power VLSI design
  • Mems and IC integration
  • Mixed - signal circuit design
  • Modelling and synthesis with Verilog HDLMOS circuit design
  • Nano technology
  • PCB designing
  • Process, devices and circuit simulation
  • RF and bio MEMS
  • Simulation, synthesis and verification of integrated circuits and systems
  • Solid state electronics devices
  • System on programmable chip design
  • Thermal design of electronic equipment
  • VLSI architectures, algorithms, methods and tools for modelling
  • VLSI process technology
  • VLSI system testing
  • VLSI test and testability

Embedded Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Application-specific hardware designs for IoT
  • Case study for cybersecurity, privacy risks, safety and reliability
  • Connectivity and programming of IoT device using wireless transport and MQTT protocol    
  • Constrained application protocol (CoAP)
  • Design principles and methodologies used in IoT systems
  • Edge computing using embedded devices
  • Efficient and accurate machine learning usage with embedded devices
  • Embedded system design addressing one or more of the following IoT issues: energy-efficiency, resiliency, scalability, longevity, cost, device heterogeneity, and standardization
  • Emerging IoT applications using new generation embedded devices
  • Evolution and technologies used in IoT
  • Explore IoT security laws
  • Firmware design and development methodologies
  • Hardware design for IoT
  • Hardware–software co-design for IoT systems and applications
  • Illustration and evolution of 5G myriad IoT applications including smart cities, water waste, and agriculture
  • IoT applications
  • IoT cloud architecture, primarily Azure  
  • IoT embedded system programming, sensors and components
  • IoT security
  • IoT stacks and usage on sensors
  • IPv6 low-power personal area networks (6LoWPAN)
  • Lightweight application-layer service discovery protocol
  • Microcontroller design and performance analysis within IoT applications
  • Middleware for embedded systems
  • New sensor/actuator design for IoT
  • Novel security and privacy methods leveraging embedded device hardware and/or software
  • Real-time data analytics using embedded devices
  • Routing protocol for Low power lossy networks (RPL)
  • Simple service location protocol (SSLP)
  • Telematic networks
  • WebLogic web services: Representational state transfer (REST) and Java API for RESTful web services (JAX-RS)
  • Wireless sensor network design and implementation for IoT systems


Section Policies


Peer Review Process

This journal operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer's name is always concealed from the submitting author. Authors should present their papers honestly without fabrication, falsification, plagiarism or inappropriate data manipulation. Submitted papers are evaluated by anonymous referees for contribution, originality, relevance, and presentation. Papers will be sent for anonymous review by at least two reviewers who will either be members of the Editorial Board or others of similar standing in the field. In order to shorten the review process and respond quickly to authors, the Editors may triage a submission and come to a decision without sending the paper for external review. The Editor shall inform you of the results of the review as soon as possible, hopefully in 6-12 weeks. The Editors’ decision is final and no correspondence can be entered into concerning manuscripts considered unsuitable for publication in this journal. All correspondence, including notification of the Editors’ decision and requests for revisions, will be sent by email.


Open Access Policy

This journal adhere to the best practice and high publishing standards and comply with the following conditions:

  1. Provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge;
  2. Allows the author to hold the copyright and to retain publishing right without restrictions;
  3. Deposits content with a long term digital preservation or archiving program;
  4. Uses DOIs as permanent identifiers;
  5. Embeds machine-readable CC licensing information in articles;
  6. Allows generous reuse and mixing of content, in accordance with CC BY-NC license;
  7. Can Provide Provide article level metadata for any indexers and aggregators
  8. Has a deposit policy registered wíth a deposit policy registry, e.g. Sherpa/Romeo.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) is a non-profit international scientific association of distinguished scholars engaged in engineering and science devoted to promoting researches and technologies in engineering and science field through digital technology. IAES Journals are peer-reviewed international journals. This statement clarifies ethical behaviour of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in our journals, including the authors, the editors, the peer-reviewer­­­­­s and the publisher (Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science). This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed International Journal of Reconfigurable and Embedded Systems (IJRES) is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the authors, the journal editors, the peer reviewers, the publisher and the society.

Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) as publisher of IAES Journals takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue
has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, the IAES and Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful and necessary.

Publication decisions

The editors of the IAES journals are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair play

An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.


Checklist for preparing your paper for publication

  1. Is your manuscript adhere to the minimum standards? (written in English; the length of submitted paper is at least 4 pages and no more than 16 pages; use of a tool such as EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero  for reference management and formatting, and choose IEEE style) 
  2. Is your manuscript written in IJRES format?  At this stage, it is essential that you  follow every detail of IJRES format. Please try to follow the format as closely as possible.
  3. is your title adequate and is your abstract correctly written? The title of paper is max 10 words, without Acronym or abbreviation. The Abstract (MAX 200 WORDS) should be informative and completely self-explanatory (no citation in abstract), provide a clear statement of the problem, the proposed approach or solution, and point out major findings and conclusions.
  4. Authors are suggested to present their articles in the sections structure: 1. Introduction - 2. The Proposed Method/Algorithm/Procedure specifically designed (optional) - 3. Research Method - 4. Results and Discussion – 5. Conclusion. Authors may present complex proofs of theorems or non-obvious proofs of correctness of algorithms after introduction section (obvious theorems & straightforward proofs of existing theorems are NOT needed).
  5. Introduction section: explain the context of the study and state the precise objective. An Introduction should contain the following three parts:
    - Background: Authors have to make clear what the context is. Ideally, authors should give an idea of the state-of-the art of the field the report is about.
    - The Problem: If there was no problem, there would be no reason for writing a manuscript, and definitely no reason for reading it. So, please tell readers why they should proceed reading. Experience shows that for this part a few lines are often sufficient.
    - The Proposed Solution: Now and only now! Authors may outline the contribution of the manuscript. Here authors have to make sure readers point out what are the novel aspects of authors work.
    - Authors should place the paper in proper context by citing relevant papers. At least, 5 references (recently journal articles) are used in this section.
  6. Method section: the presentation of the experimental methods should be clear and complete in every detail facilitating reproducibility by other scientists.
  7. Results and discussion section: The presentation of results should be simple and straightforward in style. This section report the most important findings, including results of statistical analyses as apropriate and comparisons to other research results. Results given in figures should not be repeated in tables. This is where the author(s) should explain in words what he/she/they discovered in the research. It should be clearly laid out and in a logical sequence. This section should be supported suitable references.
  8. Conclusion section: Summarize sentences the primary outcomes of the study in a paragraph. Are the claims in this section supported by the results, do they seem reasonable? Have the authors indicated how the results relate to expectations and to earlier research? Does the article support or contradict previous theories? Does the conclusion explain how the research has moved the body of scientific knowledge forward?
  9. Language. If an article is poorly written due to grammatical errors, while it may make it more difficult to understand the science.
  10. Please be sure that the manuscript is up to date. It is expected that 10 to 20%  of references are to recent papers. 
  11. Is the manuscript clearly written?  Is the article exciting? Does the content flow well from one section to another? Please try to keep your manuscript on the proper level.  It should be easy to understand by well qualified professionals, but at the same time please avoid describing well known facts (use proper references instead). Often manuscripts receive negative reviews because reviewers are not able to understand the manuscript and this is authors' (not reviewers') fault.  Notice, that if reviewers have difficulties, then other readers will face the same problem and there is no reason to publish the manuscript.
  12. Do you have enough references?  We will usually expect a minimum of 15 to 25 references primarily to journal papers, depending on the length of the paper. Citations of textbooks should be used very rarely and citations to web pages should be avoided. All cited papers should be referenced within the text of the manuscript.
  13. Figures and Tables. Relation of Tables or Figures and Text: Because tables and figures supplement the text, all tables and figures should be referenced in the text. Avoid placing figures and tables before their first mention in the text. Authors also must explain what the reader should look for when using the table or figure. Focus only on the important point the reader should draw from them, and leave the details for the reader to examine on her own.

    a. All figures appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
    b. Each figure must have a caption fully explaining the content
    c. Figure captions are presented as a paragraph starting with the figure number i.e. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.
    d. Figure captions appear below the figure
    e. Each figure must be fully cited if taken from another article
    f.  All figures must be referred to in the body of the article

    a. Material that is tabular in nature must appear in a numbered captioned table.
    b. All tables appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
    c. Each table must have a caption fully explaining the content with the table number  i.e. Table 1, Table 2, etc.
    d. Each column must have a clear and concise heading
    e. Tables are to be presented with single horizontal line under: the table caption, the column headings and at the end of the table.
    f. All tables must be referred to in the body of the article
    g. Each table must be fully cited if taken from another article

  14. Each citation should be written in the order of appearance in the text in square brackets. For example, the first citation [1], the second citation [2], and the third and fourth citations [3], [4]. When citing multiple sources at once, the preferred method is to list each number separately, in its own brackets, using a comma or dash between numbers, as such: [1], [3], [5] or [4]-[8]. It is not necessary to mention an author's name, pages used, or date of publication in the in-text citation. Instead, refer to the source with a number in a square bracket, e.g. [9], that will then correspond to the full citation in your reference list. Examples of in-text citations:
    • This theory was first put forward in 1970 [9]."
    • Sutikno [10] has argued that...
    • Several recent studies [7], [9], [11]-[15] have suggested that....
    • ...end of the line for my research [16].
  15. Self-citations: to control for citation manipulation (COPE, 2019), this journal asks that authors keep self-citation to a minimum. We would strongly recommend no more than 5 (including jointly authored publications), or 20% self-citations, whichever number is lower.
  16. Please be aware that for the final submission of regular paper you will be asked to tailor your paper so the last page is not half empty.



Authorship provides credit for a researcher's contributions to a study and carries accountability. 

IJRES considers individuals who meet all of the following criteria to be authors:

  • Made a significant intellectual contribution to the theoretical development, system or experimental design, prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of data associated with the work contained in the article.
  • Contributed to drafting the article or reviewing and/or revising it for intellectual content.
  • Approved the final version of the article as accepted for publication, including references.

Each author has approved the submitted version (and any substantially modified version that involves the author's contribution to the study).

Each author has agreed both be personally accountable for the author's own contributions and to ensure that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work, even ones in which the author was not personally involved, are appropriately investigated, resolved, and the resolution documented in the literature.

IJRES does not require all authors of a research paper to sign the letter of submission, nor do they impose an order on the list of authors. Submission to IJRES is taken to mean that all the listed authors have agreed on all of the contents, including the author list and author contribution statements. The corresponding author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been reached that all authors have agreed to be so listed, and have approved the manuscript submission to the journal, and for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication. The corresponding author is also responsible for submitting a competing interests statement on behalf of all authors of the paper.

It is expected that the corresponding author (and on multi-group collaborations, at least one member of each collaborating group, usually the most senior member of each submitting group or team, who accepts responsibility for the contributions to the manuscript from that team) will be responsible for the following with respect to data, code and materials:

  • ensuring that data, materials, and code comply with transparency and reproducibility standards of the field and journal;
  • ensuring that original data/materials/code upon which the submission is based are preserved following best practices in the field so that they are retrievable for reanalysis;
  • confirming that data/materials/code presentation accurately reflects the original;
  • foreseeing and minimizing obstacles to the sharing of data/materials/code described in the work
  • ensuring that all authors (or group leaders in multi-lab collaborations) have certified the author list and author contributions

Author lists should be carefully considered before submission. At submission, the corresponding author must include written permission from the authors of the work concerned for mention of any unpublished material cited in the manuscript (for example others' data, in press manuscripts, personal communications, or work in preparation). The corresponding author also must clearly identify at submission any material within the manuscript (such as figures) that has been published previously elsewhere and provide written permission from authors of the prior work and/or publishers, as appropriate, for the re-use of such material.

After acceptance, the corresponding author is responsible for the accuracy of all content in the proof, including the names of coauthors, addresses, and affiliations. Changes to the author list post-acceptance are not allowed.

After publication, the corresponding author is the point of contact for queries about the published paper. It is their responsibility to inform all co-authors of any matters arising in relation to the published paper and to ensure such matters are dealt with promptly. Authors of published material have a responsibility to inform the journal immediately if they become aware of any aspects that require correction.

Any changes to the author list after submissions, such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion or addition of authors, must be approved by every author. IJRES editors are not in a position to investigate or adjudicate authorship disputes before or after publication. Such disagreements, if they cannot be resolved amongst authors, should be directed to the relevant institutional authority.

The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may also be stated.


Plagiarism Detection Policy

The peer-review process is at the heart of scientific publishing. As part of IAES's commitment to protecting the integrity of the scholarly record, IAES feels a strong obligation to support the scientific community in all aspects of research and publishing ethics. All submitted manuscripts must be free from plagiarism contents. All authors are suggested to use plagiarism detection software to do the similarity checking before submitting their manuscript to the journal (please use iThenticate or  Turnitin to check the similarity). Editors will also check the similarity of manuscripts in this journal by using Turnitin or iThenticate software. The manuscript will instantly be rejected if there is plagiarism indicated or detected.

The final camera-ready also will be checked again for the similarity rate. The overall similarity rate of a manuscript should not exceed 25 percent, and the similarity rate to a single source should not exceed 10 percent.


Retraction and Correction Policy

Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) takes its responsibility to maintain the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record of our content for all end users very seriously. Changes to articles after they have been published online may only be made under the circumstances outlined below. IAES places great importance on the authority of articles after they have been published and our policy is based on best practices in the academic publishing community. An Erratum is a statement by the authors of the original paper that briefly describes any correction(s) resulting from errors or omissions. Any effects on the conclusions of the paper should be noted. The corrected article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of erratum is given. The Erratum is made freely available to all readers and is linked to the corrected article. A Retraction is a notice that the paper should not be regarded as part of the scientific literature. Retractions are issued if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, this can be as a result of misconduct or honest error; if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper referencing, permission, or justification; if the work is plagiarized; or if the work reports unethical research. To protect the integrity of the record, the retracted article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of retraction is given, is made freely available to all readers, and is linked to the retracted article. Retractions can be published by the authors when they have discovered substantial scientific errors; in other cases, the Editors or Publisher may conclude that retraction is appropriate. In all cases, the retraction indicates the reason for the action and who is responsible for the decision. If a retraction is made without the unanimous agreement of the authors, that is also noted. In rare and extreme cases involving legal infringement, the Publisher may redact or remove an article. Bibliographic information about the article will be retained to ensure the integrity of the scientific record. A Publisher’s Note notifies readers that an article has been corrected subsequent to publication. It is issued by the Publisher and is used in cases where typographical or production errors (which are the fault of the Publisher) affect the integrity of the article metadata (such as title, author list, or byline) or will significantly impact the readers' ability to comprehend the article. The original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version. Publisher’s Notes are freely available to all readers. Minor errors that do not affect the integrity of the metadata or a reader's ability to understand an article and that do not involve a scientific error or omission will be corrected at the discretion of the Publisher. In such a case, the original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version. The date the correction is made is noted on the corrected article. Authors should also be aware that an original article can only be removed and replaced with a corrected version less than one year after the original publication date. Corrections to an article that has a publication date that is older than one year will only be documented by a Publisher’s Note. The following guideline may also be helpful: COPE Guidelines for Retracting Articles



Withdrawal of Manuscripts

The author is not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts, because the withdrawal is a waste of valuable resources that editors and referees spent a great deal of time processing submitted manuscripts, money, and works invested by the publisher.
If the author still requests withdrawal of his/her manuscript when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process, the author will be punished with paying $200 per manuscript, as a withdrawal penalty to the publisher. However, it is unethical to withdraw a submitted manuscript from one journal if accepted by another journal. The withdrawal of the manuscript after the manuscript is accepted for publication, the author will be punished by paying US$500 per manuscript. Withdrawal of the manuscript is only allowed after the withdrawal penalty has been fully paid to the Publisher.

If the author doesn't agree to pay the penalty, the author and his/her affiliation will be blacklisted for publication in this journal. Even, his/her previously published articles will be removed from our online system.