Efficient adaptation of the Karatsuba algorithm for implementing on FPGA very large scale multipliers for cryptographic algorithms

Walder Andre

Abstract


Here, we present a modified version of the Karatsuba algorithm to facilitate the FPGA-based implementation of three signed multipliers: 32-bit × 32-bit, 128-bit x 128-bit, and 512-bit × 512-bit. We also implement the conventional 32-bit × 32-bit multiplier for comparative purposes. The Karatsuba algorithm is preferable for multiplications with very large operands such as 64-bit × 64-bit, 128-bit × 128-bit, 256-bit × 256-bit, 512-bit × 512-bit multipliers and up. Experimental results show that the Karatsuba multiplier uses less hardware in the FPGA compared to the conventional multiplier. The Xilinx xc7k325tfbg900 FPGA using the Genesis 2 development board is used to implement the proposed scheme. The results obtained are promising for applications that require rapid implementation and reconfiguration of cryptographic algorithms.Here, we present a modified version of the Karatsuba algorithm to facilitate the FPGA-based implementation of three signed multipliers: 32-bit × 32-bit, 128-bit x 128-bit, and 512-bit × 512-bit. We also implement the conventional 32-bit × 32-bit multiplier for comparative purposes. The Karatsuba algorithm is preferable for multiplications with very large operands such as 64-bit × 64-bit, 128-bit × 128-bit, 256-bit × 256-bit, 512-bit × 512-bit multipliers and up. Experimental results show that the Karatsuba multiplier uses less hardware in the FPGA compared to the conventional multiplier. The Xilinx xc7k325tfbg900 FPGA using the Genesis 2 development board is used to implement the proposed scheme. The results obtained are promising for applications that require rapid implementation and reconfiguration of cryptographic algorithms.

Keywords


128-bit × 128-bit multiplier; 512-bit × 512-bit multiplier; Cryptographic key; FPGA; Karatsuba multiplier

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijres.v9.i3.pp235-241
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