Performance evaluation of an efficient five input majority gate design in QCA nanotechnology

Amanpreet Sandhu, Sheifali Gupta


Quantum-dot-cellular-automata (QCA) is the imminent transistor less technology, considered at nano level with high speed of operation and lower power dissipation features. The present paper proposes a novel and an efficient 5-input coplanar majority gate (PMG) with improved structural and energy efficiency. The proposed gate consumes an occupational area of 0.01μm2 with 17 QCA cells which is 50% less in comparison to the best designs reported in literature. The proposed structure is also more energy efficient because it dissipates 21.1% less energy than the best reported designs. The correctness of a proposed majority gate is verified by designing a single bit full adder. The new 1-bit full adder design is structural efficient and robust in terms of gate count and clock delay. It consumes occupational area of 0.05μm2 with 58 QCA cells showing 16.6% improvement in structural efficiency as compared to the best design reported in. It is having a gate count of 4 with the delay of 1 clock cycle. Here, the QCADesigner and QCAPro tools are utilized for the simulation and energy dissipation analysis of proposed majority gate and full adder design.


Full adder, Majority gate,QCADesigner, QCAPro, QCA

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